Wall Street, Stock Market
The is one of the most important ways for companies to raise money, along with debt markets which are generally more imposing but do not trade publicly. This allows businesses to be publicly traded, and raise additional financial capital for expansion by selling shares of ownership of the company in a public market. The liquidity that an exchange affords the investors enables their holders to quickly and easily sell securities. This is an attractive feature of investing in stocks, compared to other less liquid investments such as property and other immoveable assets. Some companies actively increase liquidity by trading in their own shares.
A stock index or stock market index is a measurement of the value of a section of the stock market. It is computed from the prices of selected stocks (typically a weighted average). It is a tool used by investors and financial managers to describe the market, and to compare the return on specific investments. A stock market or equity market is the aggregation of buyers and sellers (a loose network of economic transactions, not a physical facility or discrete entity) of stocks (also called shares); these may include securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. A stock market crash is often defined as a sharp dip in share prices of stocks listed on the stock exchanges. In parallel with various economic factors, a reason for stock market crashes is also due to panic and investing public’s loss of confidence. Often, stock market crashes end speculative economic bubbles.
Together, the 1929 stock market crash and the Great Depression formed the largest financial crisis of the 20th century. The panic of October 1929 has come to serve as a symbol of the economic contraction that gripped the world during the next decade. The falls in share prices on October 24 and 29, 1929 were practically instantaneous in all financial markets, except Japan. Following the stock market crash, a group of 33 eminent economists from various nations met in Washington, D.C. in December 1987, and collectively predicted that “the next few years could be the most troubled since the 1930s”. However, the DJIA was positive for the 1987 calendar year. The DJIA did not regain its August 25, 1987 closing high of 2,722 points until almost two years later.
There have been famous stock market crashes that have ended in the loss of billions of dollars and wealth destruction on a massive scale. An increasing number of people are involved in the stock market, especially since the social security and retirement plans are being increasingly privatized and linked to stocks and bonds and other elements of the market. There have been a number of famous stock market crashes like the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the stock market crash of 1973–4, the Black Monday of 1987, the Dot com bubble of 2000, and the Stock Market Crash of 2000. One of the most famous stock market crashes started October 24, 1929 on Black Thursday. The Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 50% during this stock market crash. It was the beginning of the Great Depression. Another famous crash took place on October 19, 1987 – Black Monday. The crash began in Hong Kong and quickly spread around the world.
In fact, nowadays, the Stock market actually controls the world. Economies of entire nations are linked with the performance of their respective stock markets. People, in fact, use it as a yardstick of measuring the progress of a nation. Since people have begun to trade actively in stock markets, they need to know the basics of market forecasting. In order for gold and the stock market to move in opposite directions, there would need to be a negative correlation between gold and stocks. There is no evidence that such a correlation exists and, if there was, and it was true that gold moved in the opposite direction of stocks, it would greatly reduce gold’s value as an investment alternative.
Common practical use of RSI in stock market timing is to measure the underlying strength of the market and to determine if it’s getting overbought or oversold. Wilder’s own recommendation was to use 70 and 30 levels, to indicate an overbought and oversold market, respectively. If RSI rises above 30 it’s considered bullish for the stock or index. If the RSI falls below 70, it’s a bearish sign.